Here are some recent articles and presentations:

“Climate clubs: Overcoming free-riding in international climate policy.” American Economic Review, 105.4 (2015): 1339-70, available at [Presidential address to the American Economic Association describing the concept of clubs and how this can be applied to international agreements on climate change.]

“Are We Approaching an Economic Singularity? Information Technology and the Future of Economic Growth,” CFDP 2021 at and National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper no. w21547, 2015. [Speculative thoughts on long run growth.]

Gillingham, Kenneth, William Nordhaus, David Anthoff, Geoffrey Blanford, Valentina Bosetti, Peter Christensen, Haewon McJeon, John Reilly, and Paul Sztorc. “Modeling Uncertainty in Climate Change: A MultiModel Comparison.” Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper, 2015 at . [The preliminary results of a major model comparison examining the uncertainty of integrated assessment models.]

“Estimates of the social cost of carbon: concepts and results from the DICE-2013R model and alternative approaches.” Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists 1.1 (2014): 273-312, available at or [Addresses one of the most important issues in the regulation and pricing of carbon emissions.]

Nordhaus, William, and Paul Sztorc. DICE 2013R: Introduction and user’s manual, 2013., available at  [Full documentation of the latest version of the DICE model.]

The climate casino: Risk, uncertainty, and economics for a warming world. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, USA, 2013, Available as an enhanced ebook at [A general survey of the economics of climate change.]

“The Ethics of Efficient Markets and Commons Tragedies: A Review of John Broome's Climate Matters: Ethics in a Warming World.” Journal of Economic Literature 52.4 (2014): 1135-41, available at [Philosophical excursions into issues of public and private morality of your carbon footprint.]

“Economic Policy in the Face of Severe Tail Events,” Journal of Public Economic Theory, 14 (2), 2012, pp. 197–219. How should policy, and particularly climate change policy, respond to the deep uncertainty of fat tails? For a discussion, click here.

Environmental Accounting for Pollution: Methods with an Application to the United States Economy,” Nicholas Muller, Robert Mendelsohn, and William Nordhaus, open access AER, click here. [This paper examines the costs of air pollution in the framework of the national income and product accounts.]

“The Economics of Tail Events with an Application to Climate Change,” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 5(2), Summer 2011, 240-257. ( From time to time, something occurs which is outside the range of what is normally expected. This is called a tail event, and is an important question in many areas, including climate change, with an application to Weitzman's Dismal Theorem). Click here.

Xi Chen and William Nordhaus, “Using luminosity data as a proxy for economic statistics,” Proceeedings of the National Academy of Sciences (US), May 24, 2011, 108(21): 8589-8594, click here for article, and click here for supporting information. (This study examines the value of night-time lights as a proxy for output measures at the national and grid-cell level.)

“Economic aspects of global warming in a post-Copenhagen environment,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (US), June 2010, click here. (Application of the RICE model, for the Appendix with technical details, click here.)

“Geography: Graphics and Economics,” William D. Nordhaus and Xi Chen, The B.E. Journal
of Economic Analysis & Policy: Vol. 9: Iss. 2 (Contributions), click here. (An article using the GEcon data to examine the role of geography in economic development, with graphics.)

“The Perils of the Learning Model For Modeling Endogenous Technological Change,” click here. (This paper discusses why using a learning-by-doing model is dangerous business for modeling technological change.)

“A Review of the Stern Review on the Economics of Global Warming.” Journal of Economic Literature.Vol. XLV (September 2007), pp. 686–702. Click here for the study.  

“An Economic History of Computing” (Journal of Economic History, March 2007). How has the power of computing changed over the last century and a half? To find out, for a pdf version, click here. For the appendix updated to 2010 with data, click here.

“Economic Consequences of a War in Iraq.” (December 2002)  This study examined the likely economic costs of the war in Iraq four months before the war began. A non-technical version appeared in the New York Review of Books, December 2002, click here . The full study, published by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, is available in electronic form from  the Academy web site, click here . It is also available in a pdf version (500 KB), click here 

 “Geography and Macroeconomics: New Data and New Findings” Proceedings National Academy of Sciences (US), March 7, 2006, vol. 103, no. 10, pp. 3510-3517.  Click here.

“The Health of Nations” and “Irving Fisher and the Health of Nations.” The surprising result is that improvements in the health status of the population over the 20th century have made as much contribution to economic welfare as all other consumption increases combined. For the recent version from The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 64, No. 1 ( January, 2005), click here.

Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises (December 2001). This National Academy of Sciences review of the stunning discoveries about the jagged history of climate, with changes in climate as large as half an ice age in a decade. For an online version of the report, go to